BIOL 120



Office Hours 
BIOL 101 
BIOL 120 
XRAY 145 
XRAY 146 

Hello, this page is still under construction. Please feel free to look over the following syllabus.

This course is offered in the Fall to students enrolled the PTA Program





An integrated study of the organ systems of the normal human body. Subjects covered include cells, tissues, skeletal, muscular, central and autonomic nervous system, respiratory, and cardiovascular systems. Laboratory includes bone study, muscular models, articulated skeleton, A.D.A.M. CD-ROM computer program and cadaver study.

  1. CREDIT:

5 Credit Hours (4 Lecture and 2 Laboratory)


Admission to PTA Program or MT Program


  1. To develop an understanding of basic biological principles.
  2. To understand structure and function at the cellular level.
  3. To assess each human body system for both functional and structural relationships.
  4. To understand various muscle groups, points of attachment and their relationship to the human skeleton.
  5. To explore and learn human anatomy and physiology in order to further support the understanding of physical therapy and message therapy.


Upon successful completion of the course, the student will be able to:

  1. Explain the holistic concept of the human body and it organization.
  2. Utilize anatomical terms and describe body planes, regions and cavities.
  3. Compare the levels of structural organization within the human body.
  4. Discuss human cytology, histology, and the functions of the skin.
  5. Describe examples of cell types, structural diversity, and articulations of the skeletal system.
  6. Explain the structure and function of the muscular system.
  7. Identify the insertion, origin, and action of muscles.
  8. Describe the function and structure of the nervous system.
  9. Explain structure and function of the cardiovascular system.
  10. Summarize hormonal mechanisms for body homeostasis in the endocrine system.
  11. Identify components and explain functions of the lymphatic system and respiratory system.



             It is also recommended that students obtain a 3x5 blank note card index/binder or larger for developing their personalized muscle learning resource.


  1. Introduction
  2. Structural Plan of the Human Body

       A. Anatomical terminology

       B. Body planes

      C. Major body cavities

  1. Structural organization
  2. Organ Systems
  3. Homeostatic mechanisms

III. The Chemical and Cellular Basis of Life

  1. Structure of matter
  2. pH scale
  3. Cell structure and function
  4. Cellular processes

IV. Tissues (Histology)

  1. Epithelial
  2. Connective
  3. Muscle
  4. Nervous

V. Membranes

A. Types

VI. The Skin

A. Importance and Function

B. Two major regions

VII. The Skeletal system

A. Functions

B. Growth and development

C. Histology of bone

D. Classification of bones

E. Bone markings

F. Divisions of the skeleton

VIII. The Muscular system

A. Structure and function of muscle cell and muscle

B. Physiology of skeletal muscle contraction

C. Smooth and cardiac muscle

D. Anatomy of skeletal muscle

IX. Nervous System

A. Cell type

B. Nerve cell impulse

C. Synapse

D. Reflex Arc

E. Central nervous system

F. Forebrain structure

G. Diencephalon

H. Midbrain function

I. Hindbrain functions

J. Meninges

K. Cerebrospinal fluid

X. Central Nervous System - Spinal Cord

A. Structure of Cord

B. Physiology - gray matter and white matter

C. Peripheral Nervous system - Spinal nerves

D. Cranial nerves

XI. Autonomic Nervous System

A. Introduction

B. Autonomic ganglia

XII. Cardiovascular System

A. Blood

B. Cell types

C. Plasma

D. Blood typing

XIII. Cardiovascular system - Vessels

A. Arteries

B. Capillaries

C. Veins

D. Pulmonary circulation

E. Systemic circulation

XIV. The Heart

  1. Lymphatic System and Endocrine System

XVI. Respiratory System

A. Organs of Respiratory System

B. Mechanisms of Breathing

XVII. Skeletal (Bone) Identification

A. Axial Skeleton

B. Appendicular Skeleton

XVIII. Muscular (Skeletal Muscle) Identification

A. Neck Musculature

  B. Trunk Musculature

  C. Upper Extremity

   D. Lower Extremity


Attendance in lecture and laboratory is expected to successfully complete the course. Missed assignments, laboratory tests, quizzes, or finals will not be made up. All assignments must be turned in on time (at the beginning of class when collected by instructor. Keep returned assignments and record of your grade throughout the semester. Your instructor will give you a tentative schedule for the lecture tests. Other homework or classroom assignments may be given by an instructor; the point value will then be added to the total points for the class. Be prepared for a quiz or assignments each session. If you feel you need any special accommodations due to a documented disability or have other concerns, please contact the college counseling office at 545-4060 and your instructor.

Our goal is to keep a challenging, relaxed, learning environment that enhances each student's potential. It is each student's responsibility to utilize class time, speak softly during group activities, and address others in the class in both a polite and professional manner. Also, cell phones are not to ring or be out during class or laboratory sessions.

Laboratory: Students are required to study diligently in small assigned groups of 2-3 students. At times specified by the instructor these small groups will converge with another small group studying the same concepts, thus forming a larger study group of 4-6 students. In general, each week, within small groups, students may study assigned sections of material, prepare a draft quiz, type a final quiz and key, quiz and grade students from another group, and take a quiz prepared by the instructor as well. Your instructor will inform you of the format of quizzes to be prepared by students and also give each group the opportunity to be creative in their approach. Your instructor may alter this process or add to it as the course progresses. Emphasis will be placed on exercises pertaining to the skeletal system and muscular system. Each student will be responsible for learning various muscle groups along with their insertion, origin, innervation, and action. Also, working as a group, each student will produce a unique resource for study of these muscles. Your instructor encourages you to work in small groups and quiz each other throughout the semester prior to your testing.

Synopsis: Brief summary of current articles. Each synopsis should be at least 20 complete typed sentences. Summarize and include your opinion of the article while indicating its relevance to this course. You must clearly identify the article by title, journal name, date, volume # and page #. A copy of the article must be turned in with each typed synopsis. Your instructor will give you the due dates.


Lecture Tests ..............................................................................................

Practical, Muscular, and Skeletal Tests ....................................................

Laboratory, Quizzes, Assignments, Synopsis, & Participation ..............

Comprehensive Final Exam .......................................................................

Total Points .........................................................................................................

  1. If you are absent, late, or have to leave early for any reason, it is your responsibility to find out what material, handouts or assignments were missed. Students will not receive points for late or missed work. In order to earn total participation points included with some class assignments, laboratories, and quizzes (2-5 points), each student must be present the entire class session. Absences beyond 3 will result in a reduction of points.  You must be present for final exam and laboratory tests or score will result in a zero.

  1. Complete your own work (if suspected of cheating, grade will result in a zero), turn assignments in on time, use pencil on lab exercises, practice lab safety and use equipment with care.

  1. Students will not receive points for late or missed work. If given, make-up lecture test (limit 1) will be penalized 10% and will be completed (within one week from original test date) on the day of your return.

  1. Please see your instructor for any additional questions or concerns.

  1. Your grade will be calculated on the following scale (C or better is required for PTA and MT Programs):

93 - 100 % = A

  85 - 92 % = B

  80 - 84 % = C

  61 - 79 % = D

below 61% = F





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Office Hours: ________________________________


XI. DATE Revised:




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