Arboretum
"A man does not plant a tree for himself, he plants it for posterity." - Alexander Smith   
Shellbark Hickory
(Carya laciniosa)

Donated by Kaskaskia College Staff
Tree Map Location: # 253
In Memory of Kyle Hemann

Shellbark Hickory  tree Shellbark Hickory  tree Shellbark Hickory bark Shellbark Hickory leaf Shellbark Hickory fruit


Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound with 5 to 9 (usually 7 leaflets), 15 to 24 inches long, each leaflet obovate to lanceolate, dark-green above, paler and tomentose below. The rachis is stout and may be tomentose.  
Flower: Monoecious; males are 2 to 3 inches long, yellow-green catkins; females are short, in clusters at the end of the branches, appearing in mid-spring.  
Fruit: Round, 2 to 2 1/2 inches long, extremely thick husk (up to 1/2 inch), nut is 4-ribbed (maybe 6), maturing in early fall.  
Twig: Stout, yellowish brown, usually glabrous, numerous lenticels, leaf scar three-lobed; terminal bud elongated (larger than shagbark) with numerous persistent, brown scales.  
Bark: Initially smooth and gray with shallow interlacing ridges, later developing long, loose plates, resulting in a shaggy appearance.  
Form: A large tree 80 to 100 feet tall, with a straight trunk and a narrow crown.  
Interesting Facts: Shellbark hickory is a slow-growing long-lived tree, hard to transplant because of its long taproot, and subject to insect damage. The nuts, largest of all hickory nuts, are sweet and edible. Wildlife and people harvest most of them; those remaining produce seedling trees readily. The wood is hard, heavy, strong, and very flexible, making it a favored wood for tool handles.  
Website: http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=450

To participate in the Kaskaskia College Arboretum please contact:
Office of Institutional Advancement
618-545-3069
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