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Learning Outcomes | Lecture Notes

  1. EMBRYOLOGY

    1. METAZOAN GAMETOGENESIS
    2. FERTILIZATION
    3. CLEAVAGE AND DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES
    4. GESTATION AND DEVELOPMENT
    5. PARTURITION

    QUIZ 1

  2. URINARY SYSTEM

    1. INTRODUCTION

      1. CHEMISTRY OF THE BODY
      2. EXCRETORY ORGANS

    2. URINARY SYSTEM

      1. KIDNEY
      2. URETERS
      3. BLADDER
      4. URETHRA

    3. KIDNEY

      1. CORTEX
      2. MEDULLA
      3. URETER

    4. MICROSCOPIC STRUCTURE

      1. NEPHRON UNIT
      2. BLOOD SUPPLY

    5. URINE FORMATION

    6. REGULATION OF KIDNEY BLOOD SUPPLY

    7. URINE

    8. DIURESIS

    9. URETERS, BLADDER, AND URETHRA FUNCTIONS

    EXAM 1

  3. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM:

    1. INTRODUCTION
      1. BUCCAL CAVITY
      2. PALATE
      3. SALIVARY GLANDS

    2. PHARYNX

      1. NASOPHANYNX
      2. OROPHARNYX
      3. LARYNGOPHARYNX

    3. ESOPHAGUS

    4. STOMACH

      1. LOCATION AND GROSS ANATOMY
      2. MUCOSAL HISTOLOGY
      3. PHYSIOLOGY
      4. GASTRIC SECRETIONS

    5. SMALL INTESTINE

      1. GROSS ANATOMY
      2. DIGESTION
      3. INTESTINAL JUICES
      4. MOVEMENTS
      5. ABSORPTION
      6. FOOD CONVERSION

    6. LARGE INTESTINE

      1. GROSS ANATOMY
      2. MUSCLE LAYERS
      3. PHYSIOLOGY
      4. MOVEMENT OF FECES
      5. FECAL MATERIAL

    7. HORMONAL ROLE OF DIGESTIVE SECRETIONS

    QUIZ 2

    REVIEW

    EXAM 2

  4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

    1. BLOOD

      1. BLOOD CHARACTERISTICS
      2. FORMED ELEMENTS

        1. MONOMORPHONUCLEAR
        2. POLYMORPHONUCLEAR

      3. ERTHROCYTES
      4. THROMBOCYTES
      5. PLASMA
      6. SERUM, INORGANIC SALTS, WASTES,NUTRIENTS
      7. BLOOD TYPES

    2. ARTERIES

      1. STRUCTURE
      2. SIZE
      3. BLOOD AND NERVE SUPPLY

    3. VEINS

      1. STRUCTURE
      2. VALVES
      3. BLOOD AND NERVE SUPPLY

    4. ANASTOMOSES
    5. PULMONARY CIRCULATION
    6. SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION
    7. PORTAL CIRCULATION

      1. RENAL PORTAL
      2. HEPATIC PORTAL

    8. VENOUS FLOW
    9. HEART

      1. PERICARDIUM
      2. HEART WALL
      3. HEART ANATOMY
      4. HEART CHARACTERISTICS

    10. CARDIAC CYCLE

      1. P WAVE
      2. QRS COMPLEX
      3. T WAVE
      4. HEART VALVES
      5. HEART SOUNDS

    11. BLOOD PRESSURE

      1. SYSTOLE
      2. DIASTOLE

    QUIZ 3

  5. LYMPHATIC SYSTEM

    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. LYMPH

      1. FORMATION
      2. COMPOSITION

    3. VESSELS
    4. FLOW
    5. LYMPHATIC TISSUE

      1. NODES
      2. NODULES
      3. SPLEEN
      4. THYMUS

  6. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
    1. ORGANS OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

      1. NASAL CAVITY
      2. PHARYNX
      3. LARYNX
      4. TRACHEA
      5. BRONCHIOLE TREE
      6. LUNGS
      7. MECHANICS OF BREATHING

    2. CONTROL OF BREATHING
    3. PULMONARY PHENOMENA
    4. PHYSICAL CONTROL

    EXAM 3

  7. NERVOUS SYSTEM

    1. CELL TYPES
    2. MAJOR AREAS AND COMPONENTS
    3. FOREBRAIN
    4. DIENCEPHALON
    5. MIDBRAIN
    6. HINDBRAIN
    7. MENINGES
    8. CEREBROSPINAL FLUID

  8. CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (CNS)

    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. MENINGES
    3. STRUCTURE OF CORD
    4. GRAY AND WHITE MATTER
    5. BASIC PHYSIOLOGY

  9. PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM - CRANIAL NERVES

    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. LOCATION OF CELL BODIES
    3. MOTOR VS SENSORY
    4. CRAINAL NERVES

  10. PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM - SPINAL NERVES

    1. ORIGINS
    2. ANATOMICAL RELATIONSHIP TO SPINAL CORD, WHITE/GRAY RAMUS
    3. PLEXUS
    4. INTERCOSTAL NERVES

  11. AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM

    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. AUTONOMIC GANGLIA
    3. THORACULMBAR (SYMPATHETIC) DIVISION

  12. SENSE ORGANS

    1. VISCERAL AND REFERRED PAIN
    2. CUTANEOUS SENSES
    3. ORGANIC SENSATION
    4. SMELL
    5. TASTE
    6. EYE
    7. EAR

    QUIZ 4

  13. ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. FUNCTION
    3. MAJOR COMPONENTS

      1. PITUITARY GLAND
      2. TESTIS
      3. OVARIES
      4. ADRENAL GLAND
      5. THYROID
      6. PANCREAS
      7. THYMUS
      8. PINEAL

    EXAM 4