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CHAPTER 1 | CHAPTER 3 | CHAPTER 4 | CHAPTER 5 | CHAPTER 6 |
CHAPTER 7 | CHAPTER 8 | CHAPTER 9 | CHAPTER 22 and 24

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Chapter Objectives

Chapter 1: Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology

  1. Explain the term homeostasis and how it applies to physiology of the body.
  2. Correctly identify the organelles and the structure and function of a typical mammalian cell.
  3. Explain the function of the cell in relation to homostasis of the body.
  4. Explain the idea of increasing level of complexity.
  5. Identify and describe the function of each system contained in the human body.
  6. Describe why the study of anatomy and physiology is important to the health occupations.

CHAPTER 1 | CHAPTER 3 | CHAPTER 4 | CHAPTER 5 | CHAPTER 6 | CHAPTER 7 | CHAPTER 8 | CHAPTER 9 | CHAPTER 22 and 24

Chapter 3: Cell biology

  1. Define the terms cell, cytology, metabolism, and organelle.
  2. Describe, using examples from the human body, how cells differ in regard to structure, function, and location.
  3. Describe basic chemical reactions that occur at the cellular level.
  4. Describe the movement of substances by osmosis, diffusion, active transport, obligatory transport, and endocytosis.
  5. Describe the structure of the cell membrane and how transport of a substance is affected.
  6. Define the structure and function of the major organelles in a cell.
  7. Describe the importance of the nucleus in cell processes.
  8. List the steps in the process of mitosis.
  9. Describe how cell function affects the entire body.
  10. Describe how carcinogenic cells develop.

CHAPTER 1 | CHAPTER 3 | CHAPTER 4 | CHAPTER 5 | CHAPTER 6 | CHAPTER 7 | CHAPTER 8 | CHAPTER 9 | CHAPTER 22 and 24

Chapter 4: Cellular Metabolism

  1. Differentiate between dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis.
  2. Describe the steps involved in cellular respiration (glycolysis, krebs cycle, electron transport).
  3. Define the terms AMP, ADP, ATP.
  4. Define oxidative phosphorylation in relation to cell metabolism.
  5. Describe the function of enzymes and coenzymes.
  6. Outline the process of protein synthesis.
  7. Describe how the molecules DNA and RNA affect types of proteins manufactured in a cell.

CHAPTER 1 | CHAPTER 3 | CHAPTER 4 | CHAPTER 5 | CHAPTER 6 | CHAPTER 7 | CHAPTER 8 | CHAPTER 9 | CHAPTER 22 and 24

Chapter 5: Histology

  1. Define the term tissue and the importance of the study of tissues.
  2. Explain the relationship between cells, tissues and how the relate to the body homostasis.
  3. Identify and classify the four types of tissues found in the body.
  4. Describe the embryological development of tissue types.
  5. Identify the principle epithelial tissues in the body.
  6. Describe the function and structure of epithelial tissues.
  7. Identify the principle connective tissues in the body.
  8. Describe the function and structure of connective tissues.
  9. Identify the three muscle types in the human body.
  10. Describe the characteristics of each muscle type.
  11. Describe the basic functions of nerve tissue.
  12. Identify sensory and motor neurons.
  13. Define gland and identify basic types found in the body.

CHAPTER 1 | CHAPTER 3 | CHAPTER 4 | CHAPTER 5 | CHAPTER 6 | CHAPTER 7 | CHAPTER 8 | CHAPTER 9 | CHAPTER 22 and 24

Chapter 6: Integumentary System

  1. Describe the components of the integumentary system.
  2. Describe the function of the integumentary system in the maintenance of homeostasis.
  3. Differentiate between epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous.
  4. Identify structures and glands found in the integument.
  5. Describe why the integumentary system fits the classification of a true system.
  6. Describe the processes of cell replacement and injury repair in the skin.
  7. Describe the function of the mesanocytes.
  8. Describe factors the can lead to skin cancer.

CHAPTER 1 | CHAPTER 3 | CHAPTER 4 | CHAPTER 5 | CHAPTER 6 | CHAPTER 7 | CHAPTER 8 | CHAPTER 9 | CHAPTER 22 and 24

Chapter 7: Skeletal System

  1. Discuss the function of the skeleltal system.
  2. Discuss the contribution of the skeletal system to homeostasis.
  3. Describe the process of endochondral ossification.
  4. Describe the process of intramembranous ossification.
  5. Describe the embryological growth and development of bone tissue.
  6. Identify and classify each bone in the skeletal system.
  7. Identify the important bone markings of the skeletal system.
  8. Describe the articulations of each bone.
  9. Describe the process of bone repair.
  10. Describe the differences between the male and female skeletal system.

CHAPTER 1 | CHAPTER 3 | CHAPTER 4 | CHAPTER 5 | CHAPTER 6 | CHAPTER 7 | CHAPTER 8 | CHAPTER 9 | CHAPTER 22 and 24

Chapter 8: Articulations

  1. Define the term arthrology.
  2. Describe and classify the types of joints found in the body.
  3. Define the term synarthroses.
  4. List the types of synarthrotic joints in the body.
  5. Define amphiarthroses.
  6. List the types of amphiarthrotic joints in the body.
  7. Define diarthroses.
  8. List the types of diarthrotic joints in the body.
  9. Describe the types of joint movements associated with diarthrotic joints.
  10. Identify ligaments and bones associate with the elbow, hip, knee, and shoulder joints.
  11. Define the following terms and use in correct context: bursa, ligament, synovial membrane, joint capsule, and articular cartilage.

CHAPTER 1 | CHAPTER 3 | CHAPTER 4 | CHAPTER 5 | CHAPTER 6 | CHAPTER 7 | CHAPTER 8 | CHAPTER 9 | CHAPTER 22 and 24

Chapter 9: Muscular System

  1. Describe the embryological development of the muscular system.
  2. Identify the component parts of a muscle.
  3. Identify the organelles found in a muscle cell.
  4. List in correct sequence the events contained in skeletal muscle contraction.
  5. Describe the contraction of cardiac muscle.
  6. Describe the contraction of multi and single unit smooth muscle.
  7. Describe skeletal muscle contraction recordings of a myogram.
  8. Describe the skeletal muscle groups found in the body.
  9. Locate the major muscles on the cadaver and the cat.
  10. Describe the action and possible movements of each muscle.
  11. Describe the muscular systems contribution to homeostasis.

CHAPTER 1 | CHAPTER 3 | CHAPTER 4 | CHAPTER 5 | CHAPTER 6 | CHAPTER 7 | CHAPTER 8 | CHAPTER 9 | CHAPTER 22 and 24

Chapters 22 and 24: Reproductive System (part 1)

  1. Identify the major organs associated with the male reproductive system.
  2. Identify the major organs associated with the female reproductive system.
  3. Describe the function of hormones to regulate events in the reproductive system.
  4. Describe the hormones associated with the male and female systems.
  5. Describe the events of the ovarian and uterine cycle.
  6. Discuss the importance of the female cycle to successful fertilization of the oocyte.
  7. Describe the process of spermatogenesis.
  8. Describe the process of oogenesis.
  9. Describe the events leading to pregnancy.
  10. List and discuss methods of contraception.
  11. List common problems associated with the reproductive system.


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